THIS DOCUMENT WAS ORIGINATED BY JOHN CLAISSE AT THE GWENNILI TRUST BUT MAY HAVE BEEN EDITED BEFORE REACHING SI
THIS DOCUMENT IS FOR ROUGH GUIDANCE ONLY
RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SAILING

ABOARD ROYAL SIGNALS YACHT CLUB
GWENNILI TRUST CHARTERED YACHTS BOATS

Updated 1 March 04 Sep

 

This Risk Assessment is for use aboard Royal Signals Yacht Club (RSYC) Yachts and tenders. On all occasions of its use the sponsor (Project Officer, Skipper or other authority) is to review the risks and make additions or other amendments as appropriate. Project Officers and /or Skippers are to sign on the certificate provided in the Yacht Takeover Pack.

RSYC accept no responsibility for use of this Risk Assessment by any other organisation or individual

SKIPPERS WILL NORMALLY BE RYA COASTAL SKIPPER OR ABOVE

1 st MATES DAY SKIPPER STANDARD.

 

Skippers must discuss with their disabled crew and/or their carers what special help is required, how they will be guided/lifted and what they will be expected or like to do.

Serialno

Activity

/Element

Hazards Identified

Existing Controls (Step 3)

Residual Risk

Additional Controls Required

Residual Risk

0

Responsibility

Safety and well being of crew. Safety of yacht. Safety of third parties.

Crew to consist of skipper then 1 able-bodied person for each disabled person on board.

Skippers job to be in charge of yacht and crew as a whole and not for day to day requirments of a disabled person.

Reduced

Skipper to be advised of requirements of disabled on board so that he may take this into consideration when making decisions

Reduced

1

Severe Weather

Damage to boat.

Injuries to crew.

Not to leave safe haven if force 6 or above is advised.

RSYC GT Yachts are built and equipped for their area of operations indicated by MCA Categories 2 – 4 as applicable.

Long term planning using routing and weather forecast charts and other weather forecasts. Short term planning to seek shelter in safe havens or allow sea room and selected heading.

Safe havens to be within 60nms for YachtsACHTs in MCA Cat 2.

Use of "reduced canvas", storm sails, heaving to, trailing warps, etc.

Crew briefing on heavy-weather sailing and trained in use of storm sails before leaving the vicinity of the safe haven.

Reduced

Local weather forecasts to be obtained at least once every 24 hours

Reduced

2

Man Overboard.

Drowning, partial, secondary drowning, hypothermia and other injury.

Approved lifelines, harnesses and jackstays are correctly fitted, inspected and maintained.

MOB recovery equipment is fitted as required by MCA COP plus equipment considered to be MOD "best practice" (eg the Jonbouy).

Automatically inflating lifejackets with integrated harnesses of a MOD approved design are provided and warn by the crew when on the upperdeck, .

Crew on the upperdeck wear lifejackets at all times unless the Skipper says otherwise. Non-swimmers wear lifejackets at all times when on the upperdeck.

Crew always to be hooked on at night, in fog or low visibility, in inclement weather, when seasick and on other occasions when Skipper or the individual considers necessary.

Skipper and crew are trained in MOB recovery and first aid. MOB recovery is exercised on first sailing and as appropriate thereafter.

Reduced

Crew with reduced mobility wear life jackets and to be hooked on when on the upper deck

Wheelchair bound crew to wear lifejackets at all times when in the cockpit

Reduced

 

Reduced

3

Sailing Offshore

Seasickness & medication

Risk is reduced by early advice on diet and fluids ie avoid fatty food, alcohol etc.

The yacht's medical kit includes anti-seasickness tablets. Participants are encouraged to use the medication as required.

Individuals suffering from seasickness, are 'clipped on' to avoid falling overboard when on the upperdeck, monitored for proper fluid intake to avoid dehydration; detailed to take the helm, a task that has proven to lessen the effects of seasickness.

Reduced

Skippers are to ascertain medication requirements, where kept and compatibility with sea sickness tablets.

Reduced

4

Deck and shore Work

Trips and Falls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manhandling the disabled

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moving and Falling Objects

Personnel are required to wear proper footwear that improves adhesion between the shoe and the slippery surfaces found near water. Correct footwear also reduces the risk of foot/toe injuries.

 

Traditional Rules:

One hand for your self and one for the boat.

Never stand astride a line or in a bight.

Never take a turn around yourself.

Never handle "live" anchor cable except with a ropes' end.

When assisting those with reduced mobility ensure that the helper(s) do not injure themselves and compromise their own stability

Surefootedness comes with increased sea-sense – hence Comp Crew and experience courses etc.

Crew briefed on dangers of moving parts of the Yachts, in particular the boom.

When working ashore in and around boat maintenance areas hard hats to be worn in accordance with Health and Safety Instructions

Reduced

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reduced

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reduced

   

5

Operations under power.

Mechanical Failure

Risk minimised by routine engineering maintenance including daily and pre-start checks.

Inspection of machinery (eg engine shaft and seal) hourly when operating to monitor coolant flow, gauges, battery charger output.

Yachts carry tools and spares as appropriate to the trip planned. Additional spares are carried for deployments.

Skipper must have completed the RYA Diesel Engine course or be considered competent.

For long deployments or ocean crossings one crewmember should have professional engineering qualifications.

Crew will be trained to sail the Yacht on to moorings.

Reduced

   

6

Emergency and Distress Situations

Communications equipment failure

Redundancy in communications equipment, including fitted and portable VHF/DSC for short range.

Antenna not supported by spars and rigging.

Emergency equipment (e.g. EPIRB or similar) as required by the MCA COP.

Use of pyrotechnics in emergency situations.

Reduced

   

7

All offshore sailing operations

General safety at sea concerns.

Skippers, Afterguard and Crew are to be appropriately qualified for the exercise they are required to undertake. Minimum standards are to be in accordance with the MCA Code of Practice and RSYC SOPs.

     

8

In close proximity to other vessels.

Collision

The International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea (IRPCS) are to be applied at all times.

Yachts are fitted with navigation lights, day shapes and sound-making equipment as required by IRPCS.

In the event of damage resulting from collision Yachts are fitted with watertight hatches as appropriate.

Skippers are trained to employ extra cautionary measures where risk of collision is higher, such as in fog or low visibility. UK hulls are fitted with Radar.

Reduced

   

9

Operations at sea and in harbour.

Fire/Explosion

Yachts are to be adequately fitted with fire fighting equipment and all crew members are to be briefed on the action to be taken in the event of a fire.

The cooker is never to be left unattended when lit.

Cooking gas is always to be turned off at the cylinder valve when not in use and a safe and approved routine for the use of gas is set out in RSYC SOPsto be briefed to the whole crew.

Gas cylinders are stowed in a purpose-built locker that is sealed off from the boats interior and drains directly over the side.

Gas fittings meet the appropriate Eu or British Standard.

Gas system is further checked as required by RSYC SOPs.

Yacht is fitted with gas and smoke detectors.

Petrol is stowed on the upperdeck in an approved container held in quick release stowage.

Spare diesel is stowed only in approved containers.

Smoking is banned between decks and may take place on the upperdeck only downwind of all inflammable materials.

Reduced

   

10

Cooking

Burns/scalds

 

 

 

 

 

Food borne disease

Any time an individual is in the galley at sea, he/she wears foul-weather trousers and waterproof sailing boots to reduce the likelihood of scalds. Cookers are always on gimbals with the harbour lock off at sea.

Food preparation areas meet the necessary standards of design.

Separate cleaning gear for heads, galley and other areas.

Soap is to be used in the heads.

A high standard of hygiene is maintained onboard.

Only fresh or properly preserved provisions are embarked.

All outer packaging is removed on the upperdeck to reduce the risk of insect infestation.

A refrigerator or cool box is fitted and used.

Reduced

   

11

Operations in coastal waters and alongside.

Crime – theft, injury, etc. alongside and piracy at sea.

Alongside: Yacht is locked when vacated. All loose equipment is stowed below or in locked stowages. Shipkeeper(s) remain onboard when not in a secure berth. Crew remain in groups ashore and SHARKWATCH is in force when appropriate.

At sea: Expeditions are planned to be clear of areas of piracy risk. Otherwise Yacht transits well offshore or is diverted clear of risk areas. Planning includes escort/sail in company. When suspicious vessels are sighted Yacht tacks/gybes away. Crew are required to be visible in large numbers.

Reduced

   

12

Small Boat Operations

Manoverboard resulting in drowning or injury from outboards propeller and other harbour craft.

Dinghy cox’ns are properly trained, qualified and in regular practice. Passengers/crew are briefed and wear lifejackets when in open water. Non-swimmers wear lifejackets at all times. Number of passengers does to exceed approved maximum and account is taken of weather/sea state.

Reduced

   

13

Abandon Ship

Manoverboard resulting in drowning. Dehydration, hypothermia, starvation etc.

Skipper and some crew will have completed a sea survival course. List of those responsible for providing additional "survival stores" will be promulgated. Crew will be briefed and rehearsed in the drill for use of the liferaft. Yacht is fitted with approved liferaft pack and VHF/GMDSS.

Reduced

   

14

Sailing

Major Rigging Failure resulting in damage to the YACHT and injury to the crew.

All rigging is properly set up by a suitably qualified person and surveyed at appropriate intervals and defects rectified. Surveys of rigging and spars range from a "once per watch" deck-level check by Watchleaders, a daily check by Skippers/Mates, pre-sailing mast checks and checks carried out during maintenance periods. Correct sailplan for prevalent weather conditions is used, including correct use of running backstays (where fitted). Crews are briefed to pass along the upperdeck on the windward side and never hook on to standing rigging, to minimise risk of injury in the event of rigging failure.

     

15

Port Visits – Potable water replenishment.

Water Contamination

Areas /countries where water supplies may be contaminated are identified and avoided or buy bottled water is used. If any risk of contamination exists then tanks are not refilled and those already used are be isolated. Skippers are trained to test and purify water and suitable equipment is carried for this purpose. Yachts also carry emergency water supply in "jerry" cans.

Reduced

   

16

Operations in temperate and cold regions.

Hypothermia and frostbite.

Crews are provided with appropriate cold/wet weather clothing, briefed on keeping warm and dry and on the symptoms of hypothermia. In extreme climates upperdeck work is kept to a minimum and the duration of watches reduced as required. One crewmember has appropriate medical training.

Reduced

   

17

Overseas expeds.

Disease

Appropriate vacations/inoculations are identified and participants informed.

Reduced

   

18

Operations in summer and the tropics.

Sun Injury

Crews will be briefed on preventative measures. Yachts are fitted with adequate ventilation cowls. Upperdeck is cooled with seawater. Awning is rigged in harbour, bimimi at sea in the tropics.

Reduced

   

19

"Hands to Bathe"

Swimming Dangers

Non-swimmers do not take part.

One person is nominated as "lifeguard".

A line is trailed astern to aid boarding.

A ladder or scrambling net is rigged.

The Yacht engine is not operated and the dinghy may be used only with oars.

Reduced

   

20

Operations in coastal and inshore waters.

Grounding

Skippers, Mates and Watchleaders will be trained and qualified to appropriate levels in navigation and boat handling.

Navigation "best practice" is applied.

Reduced

   

Abbreviations

MCA Maritime and Coastguard Agency

COP Code of Practice. Generally refers to the Code of Practice for Small Commercial Sailing Vessels – a MCA document.

GMDSS Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

 

 

CERTIFICATE BY PROJECT OFFICERS / SKIPPERS

I have read and understand the RSYC The Gwennili Trust Risk Assessment dated 25 July 20031st March 2004.. It has been reviewed and /*either it is confirmed that it covers all known risks associated with the expedition or course or passage about to be undertaken*/ *or risks not already covered by the RSYC draft have also been assessed and are included on additional pages which are attached*.

.

 

 

 

 

 

Signed……………………………………….… Name…………………………………………. Rank/Rate/Title……………….

(*delete as appropriate)

Notes:

Hand this certificate to the Yacht Manager on Hand-over, and in all cases before sailing.