This site contains information about boats
that can be sailed by ANY disability
(not some disabilities)
Updated Jan 05 - Report by Mike Wood, spinal injury at C6/7, paralysed from chest down with partial use of hands, good triceps and biceps and some lats - Updated Nov 04. Based on sailing Access Dinghies over a period of 10 years at Club, National and International Competition level.
Class Association - unknown - more boat details at http://www.accessdinghy.org/equipment/boats
My judgement is that the 2.3 wide is the better of the two but both need more development...
5/10 - As a boat for all types of disabilities - the seat, controls and not being able to see where you are going at times make this boat difficult for some disabilities.
1/10 - As a boat for experienced disabled sailors - its looks, poor performance, controls and fittings will not attract experienced sailors.
3/10 - As a training boat - cant reach controls, seating, sail materials, control layout hinder training.
5/10 - Ease of rigging - the keel is a real problem but it is possible to leave masts in so rigging is just a matter of trying to get the furlers to work.
1/10 - Ease of transport and launching - the weight and method of fitting the keel make this very difficult and potentially dangerous.
4/10 - Controls - are of poorly positioned and of poor quality and unreliable.
3/10 - Quality of fittings and build - the moldings are good but fittings poor.
9/10 - Getting in and out - very easy, and very comfortable for almost everyone.
4/10 - Sailing qualities - the polythene???? sails are poor and difficult to set well, the boat does not point very well.
5/10 - As a club boat - its initial low cost is out weighed by high maintenance costs the keel and quality of controls.
SCORES 39/100 ON THE BOAT CHART
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I first sailed an Access at Rutland some ten years ago. I thought is was a great step forward for sailing for disabled people and looked forward to seeing its development.
Sadly in 2005 I still find the same problems as I found in 1994. The keel is a nightmare to put in and out and the fittings and controls are terrible. Worst of all new models have come along with different weight keels but they are interchangeable with potentially disastrous results.
So I do not think this is a very good boat for disabled people in general and it is successful because it is a relatively low initial capital cost making it easy for able-bodied people to give lip service to 'providing for disabled people'.
I think its success is based on clever marketing by able bodied people to able-bodied people who think they are doing good things for disabled people, certainly the purchaser profile indicates this as my research shows it is charities and charitable organisations that purchase Accesses not keen individuals.
KEELS CAN FALL OUT OR BE WRONGLY FITTED AND
BOATS CAN CAPSIZE
This was very effectively demonstrated at the UK National Championships in 2004 when a 303 capsized in 20 knot gusts, and stayed down if front of 50 or so spectators. This happened right in front of me and I was able to take many pics. The conditions were 10 to 15 kts. - gusting to around 20 kts. A gust hit the 303 and it went over far enough for the crew (NOT CLIPPED IN)to fall out into the mainsail which put the sail well into the water.
The crew was very quickly and effectively rescued by the safety boat. The 303 stayed down until a rescue boat lifted the sail allowing the 303 to pop up. I was told afterwards that a keel from different model Access had been mistakenly fitted.
The boom can be very dangerous for people with limited or slow movement.
It is produced to order, under license by Steve Sawford Marine near Kettering in the UK. My understanding is that Steve's license from the Access designers in Australia limits him to what he can do in producing the dinghy in that the price is fixed and the quality of fittings dictated. Certainly the quality of the moldings are OK and the UK boats seem to be sealed better than some of the imported boats I have seen. I get the impression Steve is proud of the concept of the boats and his workmanship but would like to be allowed some control in price and fittings.
STRONGER STEERING BASE NEEDED
The joystick steering seems OK, but silly pop rivets into GRP have been used and this system has failed on every boat in the Access Range I have tried. The Steering base plate needs modification it needs better fixings... Mr. Access can you hear me!
The steering lines are in a potentially dangerous position under seat as people can damage your bum, particularly dangerous to SCI's. They also seem to stretch by the minute and should be replaced with some half decent non stretch stuff - all this hassle for £2 worth of string!
The seating is terrible, providing no support and has caused some pretty nasty injuries as the steering goes under the seat and can catch your bum, and there is no adjustment to speak of.
I have also heard that many providers for learning difficulties do not like the side by side seating arrangement.
The rigging in general on all the boats I tested seemed the very cheapest and nastiest you could get. I would expect this on an Escape Solsa dinghy costing a £900 inc Vat, but not on a dinghy aimed at the disabled market where free running lines are essential. The other dinghies in this price range run reasonable kit - why cant Access.
Most fittings and pulleys should be replaced immediately to avoid frustration and possible accidents. The running rigging also seems to be poor quality and should be replaced for similar reasons.
The jib sheets can catch in the oar yoke on the boom and cannot be freed by a seated disabled person and this could be very dangerous. The running lines and pulleys are difficult at best and a disaster in salty conditions.
The roller reefing on the main did not work easily on any of the boats I tested which is a nuisance or dangerous depending when you need it.
The keel is a nightmare and jammed every time I tried to lift one. It is foolhardy and possibly very dangerous to try and fit one by hand. The safe way to fit it was demonstrated by a hard working dad who used a sack barrow to move the keel about and a person lift to pop it in and out, and he had this off to fine art.
So now we know why Accesses are recommended for disabled clubs (they have lifts). So you can use an Access anywhere King Kong lives? or you can qualify for sailing an Access with the hernia you get putting the keel in!
I found seven Access's (various models) with full electric's only two worked (see Access Liberty and 303).
All the 'string' on the floor sometimes gets caught up in so rope bags would be an essential accessory for normal use.
So sailing the Access 2.3...... Well the 2 sail 2 seat version is better than a 303 or Liberty and the single sail version is just a fun toy. The sails seem to be polythene sheets and you cannot do much to trim them, and they certainly perform differently depending on how warm they are. It seemed to me that the main stretched up to 6 inches in warm weather and the amount depended on how hard the wind blew. The boat does not want to point at all, I could not get it to sail in a straight line, it tacks OK provided nothing jams and you can get the sheets in the cleats.
Not very precise at anything really but I enjoyed sailing them and would get in another one to-morrow providing it was a warm day, not raining, not too windy, someone else would set it up and recover it and so on and so on... yes its fun and I enjoyed it, but I think its over priced, poorly equipped, and needs a lot more development.
In the opinion of many people the boat needs a lot of development otherwise it is a bit of fun that you will tire of very quickly indeed. There are too many things wrong for it to be a beginners boat and it doesn't offer enough for someone who wants to sail.
So many have been purchased by 'well wishers' that many languish unused or have fallen into a sad state of repair, but the sheer amount of boats available ensure a good turn out at regattas.
If you buy one be prepared to spend a lot of money getting it sorted. If you are a Club be aware of its limitations - Accesses can capsize/lose their keels if you are not careful.
DO NOT LET UNTRAINED PEOPLE ASSEMBLE OR USE THE BOAT
If you strap a disabled person in one that capsizes are you prepared for the possible consequences?
(DEMO) (click for more)
(DEMO) (click for more)
CLASS OR DESIGNER/BUILDER ACCEPTANCE
CLASS OR DESIGNER/BUILDER ACCEPTANCE